- High protein in the urine
- Low protein in the blood
- Swelling of body tissues
- High cholesterol in the blood
|Anatomy of the Kidney|
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- Glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the glomeruli from infection or other causes)
- Diabetic nephropathy (kidney complications from diabetes)
- Membranous nephropathy
- Renal amyloidosis (abnormal protein deposits in the kidneys)
- Minimal change disease—This usually occurs in children when nephrotic syndrome occurs, even if there is little or no change to the structure of glomeruli or surrounding tissue.
- Other diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus , certain infections, toxins, allergic reactions, sickle cell disease , renal vein thrombosis, and some types of cancer
- Kidney disease
Swelling around the following body parts:
- Weight gain from excess fluids
- Shortness of breath
- Poor appetite
- Foamy urine
- Adjust your diet to replace protein lost in the urine
- Use ACE inhibitors to reduce protein loss (in some cases)
- Treat edema by restricting salt intake and taking diuretics (water pills)
- Lower cholesterol and blood pressure with diet, exercise, and medicines
Treatment Options for Selected Underlying Kidney Diseases
American Kidney Fund http://www.akfinc.org/
National Kidney Foundation http://www.kidney.org/
American Urological Association Foundation http://www.urologyhealth.org/
BC Health Guide http://www.bchealthguide.org/
The Kidney Foundation of Canada http://www.kidney.ca/
Childhood nephrotic syndrome. National Kidney Foundation website. Available at: http://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/childns.cfm . Accessed October 18, 2012.
Childhood nephrotic syndrome. National Kidney and Urologic Disease Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/childkidneydiseases/nephrotic%5Fsyndrom/index.htm . Updated September 2, 2010. Accessed October 18, 2012.
Nephrotic syndrome. National Kidney Foundation website. Available at: http://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/nephrotic.cfm . Accessed October 18, 2012.
Nephrotic syndrome in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated September 1, 2011. Accessed October 18, 2012.
Nephrotic syndrome in adults. National Kidney and Urologic Disease Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/nephrotic/index.htm . Updated April 19, 2012. Accessed October 18, 2012.
Nephrotic syndrome in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed . Updated July 6, 2012. Accessed October 18, 2012.
- Reviewer: Adrienne Carmack, MD
- Review Date: 10/2012 -
- Update Date: 10/31/2012 -