Anoxic Brain Damage
(Anoxic Brain Injury; Hypoxic Brain Injury)
|Progression of Anoxic Brain Damage|
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- Blood flow to the brain is blocked or slowed. This can happen with:
The blood flow is normal but the blood is not carrying enough oxygen. This may happen if:
- You have lung disease
- There is a lack of oxygen in the air, which may occur at high altitudes
- You have prolonged exposure to certain poisons or other toxins, such as carbon monoxide
- You have an event that is stopping you from breathing normally, such as drowning, choking, or suffocation
- Decreased concentration and attention span
- Mood swings and/or personality change
- Intermittent loss of consciousness
- Poor coordination
- Oxygen therapy to increase the amount of oxygen in the blood
- Medication to help get adequate oxygenated blood to the brain
- Efforts to cool the brain to help limit brain damage
- Physical therapist—to retrain motor skills, such as walking
- Occupational therapist—to improve daily skills, such as dressing and going to the bathroom
- Speech therapist—to work on language problems
- Psychologist—for behavior and emotional issues related to the injury
- Chew your food carefully to avoid choking
- Learn to swim
- Carefully supervise young children around water
- Stay clear of high voltage electrical sources, including exposure to lightning
- Avoid chemical toxins and illicit drugs
- Install carbon monoxide detectors
American Brain Injury Society http://www.biausa.org
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov
Ontario Brain Injury Association http://www.obia.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Albano C, Comandante L, et al. Innovations in the management of cerebral injury. Crit Care Nurs Q. 2005;28(2):135-149.
Biagas K. Hypoxic-ischemic brain injury: Advancements in the understanding of mechanisms and potential avenues for therapy. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1999;11(3):223-228.
Hopkins R, Haaland K. Neuropsychological and neuropathological effects of anoxic or ischemic induced brain injury. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2004;10(7):957-961.
Juul S. Erythropoietin in the central nervous system, and its use to prevent hypoxic-ischemic brain damage. Acta Paediatr Suppl. 2002;91(438):36-42.
NINDS cerebral hypoxia information page. National Institute of Neurologic Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/anoxia/anoxia.htm. Updated February 14, 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
Ramani R. Hypothermia for brain protection and resuscitation. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2006;19(5):487-491.
Shprecher D, Mehta L. The syndrome of delayed post-hypoxic leukoencephalopathy. Neuro Rehabilitation. 2010:26(1):65-72.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/29/2014 -