(Allergy, Peanut; Nut Allergy; Allergy, Nut)
- Eating peanuts, foods containing them, or foods that came in contact with them
- Touching peanuts
- Inhaling particles containing peanuts, such as peanut flour
- Redness or swelling of the skin—hives
- Itching or tingling of the mouth and throat
- Stomach cramps
- Shortness of breath or wheezing
- Chest tightness
- Runny or stuffy nose
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- Closing of airways or swelling of throat, making it very hard to breathe
- Severe drop in blood pressure
- Very fast pulse
- Loss of consciousness
- Ask about your symptoms
- Take your medical history
- Do a physical exam
- Skin prick test—To look for a skin reaction when exposed to peanut or other specific food particles
- Blood test—To look for an antibody called immunoglobulin E (IgE), which is present when you are exposed something that gives you an allergic reaction
- Avoid peanuts, peanut-containing products, and foods that were exposed to peanuts. For instance, when placing an order at a restaurant, ask the server if the dish contains peanuts or is cooked with items (sauces or oils) that may contain peanuts. You might also be allergic to tree nuts, such as almond, walnut, pecan, or cashews. Talk to your doctor about the risk.
- Read food labels and other labels, such as medications, make-up, or face cream labels. You never know what items may contain peanuts.
- Ice cream
- Energy bars
- Salad dressing
- Chocolate candies
- Nut butters and oils
- Sauces and gravies
- Vegetarian food products, such as veggie burgers
American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology http://www.aaaai.org
Food Allergy Research and Education http://www.foodallergy.org
Allergy Asthma Information Association http://aaia.ca
Calgary Allergy Network http://www.calgaryallergy.ca
Anaphylaxis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 18, 2016. Accessed August 18, 2016. Consensus Communication on Early Peanut Introduction and the Prevention of Peanut Allergy in High-risk Infants. Pediatrics. 2015 Aug 31. pii: peds.2015-2394. Food allergy. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 11, 2016. Accessed August 18, 2016.
Nut and peanut allergy. Kids Health—Nemours Foundation website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay%5Fhealthy/food/nut%5Fallergy.html. Updated October 2014. Accessed August 18, 2016.
Peanut allergy. American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology website. Available at: http://www.acaai.org/allergist/allergies/Types/food-allergies/types/Pages/peanut-allergy.aspx. Accessed August 18, 2016.
Peanut allergy. Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America website. Available at: http://www.aafa.org/display.cfm?id=9&sub=20&cont=517. Updated July 2015. Accessed August 18, 2016.
Peanut allergy. The Food Allergy Research and Education website. Available at: http://www.foodallergy.org/allergens/peanut-allergy. Accessed August 18, 2016.
1/2/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Frazier A, Camargo C, et al. Prospective study of peripregnancy consumption of peanuts or tree nuts by mothers and the risk of peanut or tree nut allergy in their offspring. JAMA Pediatr. 2013 Dec 23.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 08/2016 -
- Update Date: 01/02/2014 -