Nausea and Vomiting-Adult
- Heart attack
- Kidney or liver disorders
- Nervous system disorders
- Brain disorders or brain tumor
- Appendicitis —inflammation of the appendix
- Migraine headache
- Intestinal obstruction
- Blood in the vomit
- Vomit that looks like coffee grounds
- Severe headache
- Stiff neck
- Feeling very tired
- Not feeling alert
- Severe abdominal pain or chest pain
- Fever over 101°F (38°C)
- Severe diarrhea
- Rapid breathing or heartbeat
- How long have you felt nauseous?
- How long has the vomiting occurred?
- Does the vomiting happen near mealtime?
- Are you taking any medications?
- Have you traveled recently?
- Have you had any injuries to your head?
- Have you lost any weight?
- How often have you been urinating? Vomiting may cause dehydration and low urine output.
- Blood tests
- Pregnancy test in women
|Ultrasound of the Abdomen|
|The doctor uses a hand-held instrument called a transducer, which uses sound waves to make images of your abdomen.|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
Strategies to Control Nausea
- Drink clear liquids such as water, juice, or broth.
- Eat light foods that do not further upset your stomach.
- Eat and drink slowly.
- Eat smaller meals.
- Eat more often.
- Rest after eating.
- Eat foods from all the food groups as much as you are able. This will ensure that you get proper nutrition.
Strategies to Control Vomiting
- Rest when you need to.
- Slowly build your way up to drinking larger amounts of clear liquids such as water, juice, or broth.
- Do not eat solid foods until vomiting has passed.
- Do not stop taking your medications unless advised by your doctor.
- Also, ask your doctor if there are over-the-counter medications that may help relieve your symptoms.
- Eat small meals throughout the day.
- Eat slowly.
- Rest after eating.
- Drink liquids between meals, instead of during meals.
- Always wash your hands before eating.
- Make sure you properly handle food.
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders http://www.niddk.nih.gov
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology https://www.cag-acg.org
Canadian Digestive Health Foundation http://www.cdhf.ca
Kuver R, Sheffield JV, McDonald GB. Nausea and vomiting in adolescents and adults. University of Washington, Division of Gastroenterology website. Available at: http://www.uwgi.org/guidelines/ch%5F01/ch01txt.htm. Accessed December 18, 2014.
Nausea and vomiting. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/health-tools/search-by-symptom/nausea-vomiting.html. Accessed December 18, 2014.
Nausea and vomiting in adults. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T900007/Nausea-and-vomiting-in-adults. Updated April 29, 2016. Accessed September 29, 2016.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 12/2015 -
- Update Date: 12/20/2014 -