Nausea and Vomiting-Adult
- Heart attack
- Kidney or liver disorders
- Nervous system disorders
- Brain disorders or brain tumor
- Appendicitis (inflammation of the appendix)
- Migraine headache
- Blocked intestine
- Blood in the vomit
- Vomit that looks like coffee grounds
- Severe headache
- Stiff neck
- Feeling very tired
- Not feeling alert
- Severe belly pain or chest pain
- Fever over 101°F (38°C)
- Vey fast breathing or pulse
- How long have you felt nauseous?
- How long has the vomiting occurred?
- Does the vomiting happen near mealtime?
- Are you taking any medicines?
- Have you traveled recently?
- Have you had any injuries to your head?
- Have you lost any weight?
- How often have you been urinating? (Vomiting may cause dehydration and low urine output.)
- Blood tests
- X-ray of the abdomen—a test that uses radiation to take pictures of structures inside the abdomen
- Computed tomography (CT) scan —a type of x-ray that uses a computer to take pictures of structures inside the abdomen
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan —a test that uses magnetic waves to take pictures of structures inside the abdomen
- Ultrasound —a test that uses sound waves to examine the abdomen
- Pregnancy test (females only)
|Ultrasound of the Abdomen|
|The doctor uses a hand-held instrument called a transducer, which uses sound waves to make images of your abdomen.|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
Strategies to Control Nausea
- Drink clear (eg, water, juice) or cold drinks.
- Eat light foods that do not further upset your stomach.
- Eat and drink slowly.
- Eat smaller meals.
- Eat more often.
- Rest after eating.
- Do not brush your teeth after eating.
- Eat foods from all the food groups as much as you are able. This will ensure that you get proper nutrition.
Strategies to Control Vomiting
- Slowly build your way up to drinking larger amounts of clear liquids (eg, water, juice).
- Do not eat solid foods until vomiting has passed.
- If your doctor recommends it, stop taking all medicines by mouth. Be sure to check with your doctor first before you do this.
- Also, ask your doctor if there are over-the-counter medicines that may help relieve your symptoms.
- Ondansetron (Zofran)
- Metoclopramide (Reglan)
- Prochlorperazine (Compazine)
- Eat small meals throughout the day.
- Eat slowly.
- Try eating foods that are cold or at room temperature. Sometimes the smell of hot or warm foods can make a person feel nauseous.
- Rest after eating. When resting, try keeping your head 12 inches (30.5 centimeters) above your feet.
- Drink liquids between meals, instead of during meals.
- Avoid getting an illness that can cause nausea and vomiting by washing your hands before eating, and making sure you properly handle food .
American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org/
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology http://www.cag-acg.org/
Canadian Digestive Health Foundation http://www.cdhf.ca/
American Academy of Family Physicians. Family Health & Medical Guide . Dallas, TX: Word Publishing; 1996.
Kuver R, Sheffield JV, McDonald GB. Nausea and vomiting in adolescents and adults. University of Washington, Division of Gastroenterology website. Available at: http://www.uwgi.org/guidelines/ch%5F01/ch01txt.htm . Accessed July 19, 2011.
Nausea and vomiting. Cleveland Clinic website. Available at: http://my.clevelandclinic.org/symptoms/nausea/hic%5Fnausea%5Fand%5Fvomiting.aspx . Updated December 24, 2009. Accessed July 19, 2011.
Nausea and vomiting. FamilyDoctor.org website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/tools/symptom/529.html . Accessed July 19, 2011.
Nausea and vomiting in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/ . Updated April 29, 2011. Accessed July 20, 2011.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 09/2012 -
- Update Date: 09/26/2012 -