(Dandy-Walker Malformation; Dandy Walker Syndrome; Familial Dandy Walker; Dandy Walker Malformation)
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- Increased head size
- Bulging of the back of the skull
- Impaired development of normal speech and language
- Slow motor development
- Unsteadiness, especially with walking
- Lack of muscle coordination
- Jerky eye movements
- Abnormal breathing
- Trouble with vision or hearing
- Jerking movements of the arms and legs or seizures
- Shunt—A tube is placed from the brain to the abdomen to allow the extra fluid to drain out of the brain.
- Ventriculostomy—A connection is made from one ventricle to other areas that contain fluid. It allows extra fluid to drain out of the affected ventricle.
Children's Craniofacial Association http://www.ccakids.com
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov
Canadian Neurological Sciences Federation http://www.cnsfederation.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Aldinger KA, Lehmann OJ, et al. FOXC1 is required for normal cerebellar development and is a major contributor to chromosome 6p25.3 Dandy-Walker malformation. Nature Genetics. 2009;41(9):1037-1042.
Dandy-Walker syndrome. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/dandywalker/dandywalker.htm. Updated December 16, 2011. Accessed February 13, 2014.
Spennato P, et al. Hydrocephalus in Dandy-Walker malformation. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011;27:1665-1681.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 01/2015 -
- Update Date: 02/13/2014 -