- Living or traveling in certain rural parts of Asia—Outbreaks have occurred in China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and Thailand. These countries have controlled the disease through vaccinations . Other countries that still have periodic epidemics include Vietnam, Cambodia, Myanmar, India, Nepal, and Malaysia.
- Employment as a lab worker, which may result in exposure to the virus.
- Blood tests to look for antibodies
- Cerebrospinal fluid tests to evaluate the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord
- Remain in well-screened areas.
- Wear clothes that cover most of your body.
- Use insect repellents that contain up to 30% NN-diethyl-meta-toluamide (DEET) on skin and clothing.
- Use proper mosquito netting at night. Look for netting treated with insecticide.
Infectious Disease Society of America http://www.idsociety.org
Traveler's Health Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://wwwnc.cdc.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Japanese encephalitis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/japaneseencephalitis. Accessed November 12, 2012. Accessed November 13, 2014.
Japanese encephalitis VIS. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/je-ixiaro.html. Updated January 24, 2014. Accessed November 13, 2014.
Vaccine is key to preventing outbreaks of Japanese encephalitis. UNICEF website. Available at: http://www.unicef.org/immunization/india%5F28555.html. Accessed November 13, 2014.
10/1/2013 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T208130/Encephalitis: Reimer LJ, Thomsen EK, Tisch DJ, et al. Insecticidal bed nets and filariasis transmission in Papua New Guinea. N Eng J Med. 2013;369(8):745-753.
- Reviewer: David L. Horn, MD
- Review Date: 11/2015 -
- Update Date: 12/20/2014 -