|People with factitious disorder seek unnecessary medical treatment.|
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- Having frequent illnesses early in life
- Being abused or rejected by a parent
- Identifying with someone who had an illness
- Having a personality disorder, such as antisocial personality disorder or borderline personality disorder
- Having severe problems during childhood such as psychiatric problems
- Being hospitalized or institutionalized
- Having a poor sense of identity
- Having poor coping skills
- Working in the healthcare field
- A lengthy, conflicting medical history
- Vague symptoms that did not respond to treatment
- A illness that returns after it is controlled
- Strong knowledge of hospitals and medical terms
- Multiple surgical scars
- New symptoms that appear after test results come back negative
- A medical history at many hospitals, clinics, and doctors’ offices
- Blocking contact between previous and current doctors, and between doctors and family members
- Symptoms that appear only when person is not being observed
- Demanding medical tests or procedures
- Eagerness to have medical tests or procedures
- Self-inflicted or artificial symptoms of disease
American Psychiatric Association http://www.psychiatry.org
American Psychological Association http://www.apa.org
Canadian Psychiatric Association http://www.cpa-apc.org
Canadian Psychological Association http://www.cpa.ca
Factitious disorder. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T113744/Factitious-disorder. Updated November 30, 2015. Accessed September 27, 2016.
Factitious disorders. Cleveland Clinic website. Available at: http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases%5Fconditions/hic%5FAn%5FOverview%5Fof%5FFactitious%5FDisorders. Updated June 11, 2013. Accessed October 13, 2015.
Huffman JC, Stern TA. The diagnosis and treatment of Munchausen syndrome. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2003;25(5):358-363.
Munchausen's syndrome. Patient UK website. Available at: http://patient.info/doctor/munchhausens-syndrome. Updated November 24, 2014. Accessed October 13, 2015.
Somatic symptom and related disorders. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/somatoform-disorders.html. Updated August 2015. Accessed October 15, 2015.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 09/2016 -
- Update Date: 10/13/2015 -