(Dyspepsia; Non-ulcer Dyspepsia; Non-ulcer Stomach Pain)
|Locations of Indigestion Symptoms|
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- Eating too quickly or at irregular intervals
- Eating greasy, high-fat, or spicy foods
- Drinking caffeine, alcohol, or soft drinks in excess
- Taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen or naproxen
- Psychological stress
- Pain or burning sensation in the upper abdomen or chest
- Abdominal bloating
- Belching or regurgitation
When Should I Call My Doctor?
- Having trouble swallowing
- Vomiting with most episodes
- Experiencing weight loss
- Having a family history of cancer
When Should I Call for Medical Help Immediately?
- Severe abdominal pain
- Blood in your stool or dark black stool
- Blood in the vomit
- Trouble breathing
- Chest pain
Dietary and Lifestyle Changes
- Reduce your intake of fatty and spicy foods.
- Eat smaller meals throughout the day instead of three large meals.
- Reduce your intake of alcohol, caffeine, and carbonated beverages.
- Quit smoking.
- Avoid nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and naproxen.
- If stress is related to your symptoms, find ways to manage stress.
- Lose weight if you are overweight.
- Exercise regularly.
- Antacids—to help neutralize stomach acid
- Acid suppression agents
- Prokinetic agents—to help the stomach empty its contents more quickly
- Antibiotics—to treat a bacterial infection if tests confirm that you have this infection
- Avoid overeating
- Eat slowly and regularly
- Avoid greasy, high-fat foods
- Limit spicy foods
- Do not smoke
- Drink coffee, alcohol, and caffeinated beverages in moderation
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Exercise regularly
American College of Gastroenterology http://gi.org
American Gastroenterological Association http://www.gastro.org
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology https://www.cag-acg.org
The College of Family Physicians of Canada http://www.cfpc.ca
Dyspepsia: treatment. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/dyspepsia/treatment.html. Updated February 2014. Accessed December 18, 2014.
Karamanolis G, Caenepeel P, et al. Association of the predominant symptom with clinical characteristics and pathophysiological mechanisms in functional dyspepsia. Gastroenterology. 2006;130(2):296-303.
Mertz H, Fullerton S, et al. Symptoms and visceral perception in severe functional organic dyspepsia. Gut. 1998;42(6):814-822.
Tack J, Talley NJ, et al. Functional gastroduodenal disorders. Gastroenterology. 2006;130(5):1466-1479.
3/1/2010 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed.com: Maalox Total Relief and Maalox liquid products: medication use errors. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch/SafetyInformation/SafetyAlertsforHumanMedicalProducts/ucm200672.htm. Updated September 9, 2013. Accessed December 18, 2014.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 12/2015 -
- Update Date: 12/20/2014 -