(Dyspepsia; Non-ulcer Dyspepsia; Non-ulcer Stomach Pain)
|Locations of Indigestion Symptoms|
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- Eating too quickly or at irregular intervals
- Eating greasy, high-fat, or spicy foods
- Drinking caffeine, alcohol, or soft drinks in excess
- Taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen or naproxen
- Psychological stress
- Pain or burning sensation in the upper abdomen or chest
- Abdominal bloating
- Belching or regurgitation
When Should I Call My Doctor?
- Having trouble swallowing
- Vomiting with most episodes
- Experiencing weight loss
- Having a family history of cancer
When Should I Call for Medical Help Immediately?
- Severe abdominal pain
- Blood in your stool or dark black stool
- Blood in the vomit
- Trouble breathing
- Chest pain
Dietary and Lifestyle Changes
- Reduce your intake of fatty and spicy foods.
- Eat smaller meals throughout the day instead of three large meals.
- Reduce your intake of alcohol, caffeine, and carbonated beverages.
- Quit smoking.
- Avoid nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and naproxen.
- If stress is related to your symptoms, find ways to manage stress.
- Lose weight if you are overweight.
- Exercise regularly.
- Antacids—to help neutralize stomach acid
- Acid suppression agents
- Prokinetic agents—to help the stomach empty its contents more quickly
- Antibiotics—to treat a bacterial infection if tests confirm that you have this infection
- Avoid overeating
- Eat slowly and regularly
- Avoid greasy, high-fat foods
- Limit spicy foods
- Do not smoke
- Drink coffee, alcohol, and caffeinated beverages in moderation
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Exercise regularly
American College of Gastroenterology http://gi.org
American Gastroenterological Association http://www.gastro.org
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology https://www.cag-acg.org
The College of Family Physicians of Canada http://www.cfpc.ca
Dyspepsia: treatment. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/dyspepsia/treatment.html. Updated February 2014. Accessed December 18, 2014.
Karamanolis G, Caenepeel P, Arts J, Tack J. Association of the predominant symptom with clinical characteristics and pathophysiological mechanisms in functional dyspepsia. Gastroenterology. 2006;130(2):296-303
Mertz H, Fullerton S, Naliboff B, Mayer EA. Symptoms and visceral perception in severe functional organic dyspepsia. Gut. 1998;42(6):814-822.
Tack J, Talley NJ, Camilleri M, et al. Functional gastroduodenal disorders. Gastroenterology. 2006;130(5):1466-1479.
3/1/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Maalox Total Relief and Maalox liquid products: medication use errors. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch/SafetyInformation/SafetyAlertsforHumanMedicalProducts/ucm200672.htm. Updated September 9, 2013. Accessed December 18, 2014.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 12/2015 -
- Update Date: 12/20/2014 -