|Infant Brain—Period of Rapid Development|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Difficulty interacting with others
- Trouble making friends
- Poor understanding of other people's feelings
- Insensitivity to social cues and facial expressions
- Inappropriate social and emotional responses
- Preoccupation with one's own world
- Not sharing enjoyment, interests, or achievements with others
- Following repetitive routines or rituals
- Difficulty with any changes in routine or schedule
- Single mindedness
- Limited interests, usually 1-2 subjects
- Repeating words or phrases over and over
- Intense interest in a few topics
- Good rote memory without understanding the information
- Limited verbal skills or using words in odd ways
- Difficulty imagining things or thinking abstractly
- Taking things very literally
- Focusing on small details and having trouble seeing the bigger picture
- Ability to read without understanding the words
- Problems with nonverbal communication
- Poor eye contact
- Few facial expressions, except for anger or unhappiness
- Impaired body posturing or use of gestures
- Clumsy movements
- Hand flapping
- Poor coordination
- Inflexibility or trouble accepting change
- Difficulty accepting loss or criticism
- Obsessive desire to finish any tasks that are started
- Mood-altering drugs
- Drugs to control seizures
- Antipsychotics, such as serotonin selective reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or neuroleptics
- Give warnings that an activity is about to end and provide ways to save the task for later. For instance, a favorite television show may be recorded for later viewing.
- Try to include some flexibility into the day.
- Set limits on the amount of time the child can spend on a single, obsessive activity.
- Keep directions simple.
- Use precise words.
- Limit choices to 2-3 things.
- Avoid using figures of speech.
- Make lists.
- Do not assume a child with this disorder understands what has been said simply because he can repeat it back to you.
- At an early age, start explaining what is appropriate behavior for public and private places.
- Do not make idle threats or promises.
- Give praise for accomplishments, especially social skills.
Asperger Syndrome Education Network http://www.aspennj.org
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov
Autism Society Canada http://www.autismsocietycanada.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Asperger syndrome. Kids Health—Nemours Foundation website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/brain/asperger.html. Updated January 2012. Accessed March 9, 2016.
Asperger syndrome fact sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/asperger/detail%5Fasperger.htm. Updated February 1, 2016. Accessed March 9, 2016.
Asperger's syndrome. Autism Society website. Available at: http://www.autism-society.org/about-autism/aspergers-syndrome. Accessed March 9, 2016.
Autism spectrum disorders. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T113665/Autism-spectrum-disorders. Updated April 29, 2016. Accessed September 29, 2016.
Cashin A, Sci DA. Two terms-one meaning: the conundrum of contemporary nomenclature in autism. J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs. 2006;19:137-144.
Filipek PA, et al. Practice parameter: Screening and diagnosis of autism: Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology and the Child Neurology Society. Neurology. 2000;55(4):468-479.
Marcus RN, Owen R, et al. Safety and tolerability of aripiprazole for irritability in pediatric patients with autistic disorder: A 52-week, open-label, multicenter study. J Clin Psychiatry. 2011;72(9):1270-1276.
Mattila ML, Hurtig T, et al. Comorbid psychiatric disorders associated with Asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism: A community- and clinic-based study. J Autism Dev Disord. 2010;40(9):1080-1093.
Simonoff E. Genetic counseling in autism and pervasive developmental disorders. J Autism Dev Disord. 1998; 28: 447–456.
Venkat A, et al. Care of the patient with an autism spectrum disorder by the general physician. J Postgrad Med. 2012;88(1042):472-481.
- Reviewer: Kari Kassir, MD
- Review Date: 03/2016 -
- Update Date: 05/05/2014 -