- Borderline personality disorder
- Substance abuse, such as alcoholism or drug abuse
- Eating disorders, such as anorexia or bulimia
- Antisocial personality disorders
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
|Self-mutilation is often associated with psychiatric disorders that may be caused by chemical imbalances in the brain.|
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- Cutting of skin with a sharp object
- Skin carving or burning
- Self-punching or scratching
- Needle sticking
- Head banging
- Eye pressing
- Finger, lips, or arm biting
- Pulling out one's hair
- Picking at one's skin
- Broken bones
- Excess concern with physically harming oneself
- Inability to resist harming oneself, resulting in tissue damage
- Increased tension before and a sense of relief after self-injury
- Having no suicidal intent in the self-mutilation
- Mood regulators
American Psychological Association http://www.apa.org
Mental Health America http://www.mentalhealthamerica.net
Canadian Mental Health Center http://www.cmha.ca
Canadian Psychological Association http://www.cpa.ca
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder . 4th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 2000.
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health. Self-harm: the short-term physical and psychological management and secondary prevention of self-harm in primary and secondary care. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence website. Available at: http://www.nice.org.uk/nicemedia/pdf/CG016NICEguideline.pdf . Updated July 2004. Accessed February 20, 2013.
Self-injury in adolescents. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry website. Available at: http://www.aacap.org/publications/factsfam/73.htm . Updated December 2009. Accessed February 20, 2013.
Slee N, Garnefski N, van der Leeden R, et al. Cognitive-behavioral intervention for self-harm: randomized controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry . 2008;192:202-211.
Taiminin T, Kallio-Soukainen K, Nokso-Koivisto H, Kaljonen A, Helenius H. Contagion of deliberate self-harm among adolescent inpatients. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry . 1998;37:211.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 03/2013 -
- Update Date: 00/31/2013 -