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- Weak muscles in the tongue and throat
- Enlarged tonsils, adenoids, or other obstructions such as a tumors or cysts
- Excessive tissue around the throat due to obesity
- A long, soft palate
- A long uvula
- Deformities of the nose or nasal septum
- Small chin, overbite, or high palate
- Congested nasal passages from a cold, flu, sinus infection, or allergies
- Being overweight
- A family history of snoring
- Use of drugs (central nervous system depressants) or alcohol that act as respiratory depressants
- Lying on back while sleeping
- Nasal obstruction due to a cold, sinus infection, allergy, enlarged adenoids, or injury that has displaced the nasal cartilage or bones
- Long pauses in breathing
- Frequent awakening
- Sleepiness and fatigue during the day
- Slowness in mental functioning
When Should I Call My Doctor?
- If you are overweight, lose weight.
- Exercise to improve muscle tone.
- Avoid drinking alcohol or taking sedatives.
- Establish regular sleeping patterns.
- Sleep on your side rather than on your back.
- Treat causes of nasal congestion, such as allergies or colds.
- Raise the head of the bed up about 4 inches. Use extra pillows or put something under the mattress.
- Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)—airway is propped open by a continuous flow of air. The air passes through a mask-like device that you wear during sleep. It is more commonly used for people with obstructive sleep apnea.
- Mouthpieces—to help position the soft palate and tongue for better breathing
- Maintain a healthy body weight.
- Treat cold and allergy symptoms.
- Avoid drinking alcohol or taking sedatives for several hours before bedtime.
- Sleep on your side.
American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery http://www.entnet.org
National Center on Sleep Disorders Research www.nhlbi.nih.gov/sleep
Better Sleep Council Canada http://www.bettersleep.ca
Canadian Lung Association http://www.lung.ca
McDonald JP. A review of surgical treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome. Surgeon. 2003;1:259-264. Review.
Snoring. Kids Health—Nemours Foundation website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/kid/health%5Fproblems/teeth/snoring.html. Updated January 2014. Accessed June 20, 2016.
Snoring and sleep apnea. American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery website. Available at: http://www.entnet.org/HealthInformation/snoring.cfm. Accessed June 20, 2016.
Obstructive sleep apnea. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115600/Obstructive-sleep-apnea-OSA. Updated June 10, 2016. Accessed June 20, 2016.
Sher AE. Upper airway surgery for obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep Med Rev. 2002;6:195-212. Review.
Yaggi HK, Concato J, et al. Obstructive sleep apnea as a risk factor for stroke and death N Engl J Med. 2005;353:2034-2041.
- Reviewer: Marcin Chwistek, MD
- Review Date: 06/2016 -
- Update Date: 05/11/2013 -