Nocturnal Leg Cramps
(Muscle Cramps; Nocturnal Muscles Cramps; Age-Related Cramps)
|The Calf Muscles|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Overexertion of muscles
- Prolonged sitting, or standing on hard surfaces
- Flat feet , or other foot or ankle deformities
- Neurological conditions, such as Parkinson's disease
- Certain medications, such as those to treat high blood pressure , high cholesterol , or psychiatric disorders
- Certain medical conditions:
- When cramps occur, stretch your leg muscles
- Standing on the affected leg and walking often stops the cramping
- Massage and hot or cold treatments help the muscles relax
- Muscle relaxants
- Calcium channel blockers
- Stretch during the day and just before going to bed
- Exercise feet and legs regularly
- Drink plenty of liquids
- Wear comfortable, supportive shoes
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://www.familydoctor.org
Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://www.orthoinfo.org
The College of Family Physicians of Canada http://www.cfpc.ca
Women's Health Matters http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca
Allen RE, Kirby KA. Nocturnal leg cramps. Am Fam Physician. 2012;86(4):350-355.
Butler JV, Mulkerrin EC, et al. Nocturnal leg cramps in older people. Postgrad Med J. 2002;78:596-598.
Garrison SR, et al. The effect of magnesium infusion on rest cramps: Randomized controlled trial. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2011;66(6):661-666.
Nocturnal leg cramps. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114870/Nocturnal-leg-cramps. Updated November 6, 2015. Accessed September 29, 2016.
2/11/2011 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114870/Nocturnal-leg-cramps: El-Tawil S, Musa T, et al. Quinine for muscle cramps. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(12):CD005044.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 12/2014 -
- Update Date: 12/20/2014 -